CENTER_OF_MULTICOLVAR
 This is part of the multicolvar module

Calculate a a weighted average position based on the value of some multicolvar.

This action calculates the position of a new virtual atom using the following formula:

$x_\alpha = \frac{1}{2\pi} \arctan \left[ \frac{ \sum_i w_i f_i \sin\left( 2\pi x_{i,\alpha} \right) }{ \sum_i w_i f_i \cos\left( 2\pi x_{i,\alpha} \right) } \right]$

Where in this expression the $$w_i$$ values are a set of weights calculated within a multicolvar action and the $$f_i$$ are the values of the multicolvar functions. The $$x_{i,\alpha}$$ values are the positions (in scaled coordinates) associated with each of the multicolvars calculated.

Bug:
The virial contribution for this type of virtual atom is not currently evaluated so do not use in bias functions unless the volume of the cell is fixed
The atoms involved can be specified using
 ATOMS the list of atoms which are involved the virtual atom's definition. For more information on how to specify lists of atoms see Groups and Virtual Atoms
Compulsory keywords
 DATA find the average value for a multicolvar
Options
 COMPONENT if your input multicolvar is a vector then specify which component you would like to use in calculating the weight
Examples

Lets suppose that you are examining the formation of liquid droplets from gas. You may want to determine the center of mass of any of the droplets formed. In doing this calculation you recognise that the atoms in the liquid droplets will have a higher coordination number than those in the surrounding gas. As you want to calculate the position of the droplets you thus recognise that these atoms with high coordination numbers should have a high weight in the weighted average you are using to calculate the position of the droplet. You can thus calculate the position of the droplet using an input like the one shown below:

c1: COORDINATIONNUMBER SPECIES=1-512 SWITCH={EXP D_0=4.0 R_0=0.5}
cc: CENTER_OF_MULTICOLVAR DATA=c1


The first line here calclates the coordination numbers of all the atoms in the system. The virtual atom then uses the values of the coordination numbers calculated by the action labelled c1 when it calculates the Berry Phase average described above. (N.B. the $$w_i$$ in the above expression are all set equal to 1 in this case)

The above input is fine we can, however, refine this somewhat by making use of a multicolvar transform action as shown below:

c1: COORDINATIONNUMBER SPECIES=1-512 SWITCH={EXP D_0=4.0 R_0=0.5}
cf: MTRANSFORM_MORE DATA=c1 SWITCH={RATIONAL D_0=2.0 R_0=0.1} LOWMEM
cc: CENTER_OF_MULTICOLVAR DATA=cf


This input once again calculates the coordination numbers of all the atoms in the system. The middle line then transforms these coordinations numbers to numbers between 0 and 1. Essentially any atom with a coordination number larger than 2.0 is given a weight of one and below this value the transformed value decays to zero. It is these transformed coordination numbers that are used to calculate the Berry phase average described in the previous section.